Sunday, January 16

Pass rates for students dropping out of school in South Africa are failing students and universities


South Africa’s current basic education system and grading standard produce poor academic results. Because of this, students leaving high school do not qualify to continue studying at the college level.

On top of this, bachelor, diploma, and certificate passes at the tuition level (senior year of high school) create false hope for students because they believe that they automatically qualify to study at any university.

I wrote a paper which analyzed the mismatch between the weak educational outcomes of South Africa’s basic education system, including grading practice for students in their final year of school, and what is required of students to transition to higher education.

I contend that the current basic education system and grading standard produce low-quality students who mostly do not qualify to study at the university level. Additionally, the Bachelor’s Pass, Diploma Pass, and Matrix Level Certificate create false hope for students.

My conclusion is that the current government lowered the approval grade to get the highest approval rate. Secondary education in most countries has a 50% pass rate for all subjects. But in South Africa, the government has successively lowered the final approval rate. For some subjects, it is now as low as 30%. Last year, students received an extra 5% allowance for up to three subjects.

My view is that the government has cynically done this to allow it to use the higher approval rates achieved as part of its campaign to get more votes. This has been at the expense of the youngest.

The history

The study applied desktop research methodology and the findings are based on existing literature, empirical and theoretical studies.

I present two main arguments in my article. The first is that the basic education system produces students who do not qualify for tertiary education. And the second is that, as a result of poor education, academically weak students enter the higher education sector.

During apartheid, South Africa’s educational system was racially separated. the Bantu Education Act 47 of 1953 allowed the apartheid government to build racially separate educational facilities. The educational system was designed to strengthen apartheid racial segregation laws. The blacks had their schools of inferior quality while the whites had good educational facilities and a good educational system.

Universities were also designed to racially separate people. The apartheid system of government was cruel and declared a crime against humanity by the United Nations.

One feature of the system stood out for me during my research: the way passing grades were managed. The system had higher, standard, and lower grades that gave students options to choose from. Based on those choices, the quality of a learner was produced.

Most of those enrolled with standard and lower grade symbols were not accepted into many colleges, but were eligible for employment opportunities. The system applied to both black and white students.

The holes

There is a huge gap between what the secondary education system produces and what the higher education system expects.

First, high school seniors can pass with at least 50% in four subjects, a minimum of 40% in the home language, at least 30% in the language of learning and teaching and at minus 30% on one other topic.

This is a poor system because it produces students whose academic results are not strong enough to allow them transition to higher education..

Colleges have core programs that are designed to help students who do not meet the entry requirements. These programs are also called bridging courses. If students are successful with their bridging courses, they can go ahead and enroll in their desired academic program.

Another reason the system is failing universities and students is that only
a third of the students Those who exit high school qualify to enter the higher education system. The low number of students in South Africa who qualify for further study at the university level is attributed to the poor quality of education they receive while in college. high school

Some studies It has tried to address the problems of the transition from secondary to university education. Another prominent factor contributing to existing problems is inequalities in the school system.

A political game

Most people blame the apartheid government for the poor quality of education because the education system is still struggling to recover the educational policies of the apartheid government. In fact, the apartheid government could still have an impact on the current educational system. But he cannot be blamed primarily for the failures of post-apartheid democratic government leaders. They have the power to change and strengthen the basic education of the country. But I haven’t.

The pass rate is confusing and is not a clear reflection of the academic abilities of high school students. South African parents need to pay attention. The 30% approval mark is a failure of the secondary education system.

The Basic Education Department is more concerned with the proportion of students who pass to make the dropouts and their parents happy. A lower pass rate gives them better numbers to brag about. It is doing so at the expense of the quality of education in the country.The conversation

Dr. Zamokuhle Mbandlwa, Professor of Public Administration, Durban University of Technology

This article is republished from The conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the Original article.


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